Some Thoughts on the Project Cost Management of Airport Construction Units
[ professional classification ] airport operation [ Article ID ] 37-2009-0047
With the comprehensive, rapid, and steady development of China's civil aviation industry, the airport infrastructure of various regions is difficult to adapt to the needs of the growing aviation market, and the investment in the renovation and expansion of airport facilities and equipment has been increased to varying degrees. How to do a good job in the management of project cost is the key to controlling the investment effect of construction projects. Based on years of engineering practice, the author talks about the rough views and hopes to get corrections.
1. Strict implementation of infrastructure procedures is a prerequisite for improving the level of cost management.
Engineering cost management is a systematic project combining technology and economy, and it is the key link to determine whether the input-output ratio of construction projects is reasonable. The purpose is to implement comprehensive and whole-process supervision and control of construction project investment activities, and obtain maximum benefits with minimum investment. This requires the construction unit to strictly follow the scientific rules, strictly implement the basic construction procedures, and strictly implement the construction project design documents approved by the state. The approved design documents generally include economic and technical indicators such as project proposals and feasibility study reports, construction scale, construction period, and investment amount. The preliminary design documents of the project are the main basis for arranging construction projects and organization implementation; It is the main basis for determining infrastructure investment, preparing annual plans, raising construction funds, controlling construction drawing budget and compiling project cost; it is the basic construction document that construction units must follow to carry out project cost management.
The project cost management should follow the design documents, which emphasizes that the project construction must be implemented in accordance with the approved contents and standards determined by the overall plan design. It is not allowed to increase the construction content without authorization and improve the construction standards and decoration standards. Emphasizing that under the premise of respecting science and respecting the laws of the market economy, the construction funds will be fully utilized at one time, so that the approved project budget will truly become the maximum limit for controlling the project cost. The actual construction plan budget will not exceed the approved budget estimate, and the budget estimate is close to the investment estimate. . If there is a reason beyond the specific analysis, the unreasonable part of the construction design shall be revised to correct the tendency of the construction drawing design not to be an economic account. The relevant national standards and management measures shall be strictly implemented, and the project legal person and cost engineer responsibility system shall be established. Project investment estimation, design budget calculation, construction drawing budget and design change during construction, contractor price, progress payment, annual settlement, completion and final account management, and control the project cost within the approved budgetary investment limit To achieve the purpose of project cost management.
In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the work of the feasibility study phase of the construction project so that the depth of the feasibility study report reaches or is close to the actual project content, making the feasibility study report a truly enforceable report, rather than a report of approval, not engaging in â€œ The â€œfishingâ€ project does not leave behind the sequelae of project cost management and project implementation.
Second, improving the quality of management professionals is the key to controlling project cost
Over the years, I have realized in engineering practice that the engineering cost management professionals are working on the construction project, from the project decision-making to the completion and completion of the project, around the project cost determination, optimization, control, management, etc., in order to seek resources The most effective use to ensure the efficiency of construction projects and participate in the legitimate rights and interests of all parties involved. Therefore, professionals engaged in engineering construction cost management need a variety of knowledge, such as construction technology, construction, building materials, process design, maintenance and finance, finance, trade, taxation, credit, etc., so it must be understood engineering technology A compound person who understands the economy, understands both management and legal common sense, and has rich practical experience and good professional ethics.
The project cost management personnel should enter the role from the beginning of the project planning. This is because the scientific nature of the construction project, whether the input and output are reasonable, the depth and quality of the preliminary design work directly affect the project cost level. In order to achieve the all-round, whole process, and coordinated management objectives, the relevant professionals of the construction unit should achieve synchronous work, which is beneficial to improve the design plan and improve the project cost management. At the same time, some practical experience in production practice is integrated into engineering design, which helps to improve design quality and reduce sequelae.
The project cost management personnel are the professional talents who master the engineering economy. They play an important and irreplaceable role in the budget preparation and review of the basic construction, renovation and other projects, especially the project bidding and drawing review with more prominent problems. The role of work such as completion settlement is more obvious and its responsibility is greater. This is to require the cost management team to be a team of engineers and technicians with high political quality, fairness, integrity, integrity, business, hard work and strong coordination.
Third, the establishment of a strict management system is a guarantee for the construction cost
According to the current construction enterprise management model, the project cost management personnel must not only undertake the â€œthree calculationsâ€ task, but also participate in the qualification review of the construction enterprise and the signing of the construction contract. If there is no special functional department, it is obviously not enough to consider the management of contract budget from the perspective of planning and financial. A set of rigorous and complete construction contracts creates preconditions for the optimal allocation and organization of the engineering construction elements. It is conducive to the unification of planning, design and construction, and is conducive to the organic integration of construction, design, construction, materials and equipment supply. Together, with contract management as the axis, internal coordination and control mechanisms as management measures, and strictly in accordance with the contract.
Practice has proved that engineering cost management and organizational construction are inseparable. Without strict organizational guarantees, it is difficult to effectively control project cost. Choosing to identify a qualified construction company aims to achieve high quality, efficient and cost-effective construction products. The direct result of the high-quality, high-efficiency and short-term construction period created by a good construction enterprise is to save engineering investment and make the construction project put into operation and bring benefits into advance. At the same time, managing the construction contract will not only reduce disputes, improve the compliance rate, but also protect the legitimate rights and interests of both parties. It will also effectively mobilize the enthusiasm of both parties and promote the realization of the contract objectives. The most fundamental protection is the project legal person. Interests.
Fourth, the combination of technology and economy is the most effective means of controlling project cost
For a long time, under the influence of China's planned economic system, the technology of engineering construction is separated from the economy, resulting in many unpredictable mistakes. With the establishment of the socialist market economy, in order to achieve the best effect of controlling project cost, it is necessary to take effective measures from the aspects of organization, technology, economy, contract and information management to strengthen management and clarify responsibility. From a technical point of view, it mainly includes attaching importance to the choice of designing multiple schemes, strictly examining and supervising preliminary design, technical design, construction drawing design, construction organization design, and using advanced and applicable scientific and technological achievements to study ways to save investment. The design plan and construction plan are the direct factors to save investment and control the construction period. Under the premise of satisfying the quality and function, avoid the most conservative and safest solution, because the most conservative and safest plan is also the most costly solution. Paying attention to the investment concept, it is appropriate to choose the best combination of program and investment, which requires the design unit to be responsible for the investment entity, rather than to minimize the responsibility of the designer. In the process of building the project, it is not necessary to "pay for reliable". From the economic point of view, it mainly includes dynamically comparing the planned value and actual value of the project cost, strictly reviewing the project costs, and adopting measures to reward investment saving. At the same time, establish a clear division of labor, perform their duties, supervise, coordinate the work of the restrictive mechanism, strengthen the construction of a clean and honest management team, implement a "three open" service system, control the occurrence of project cost within the investment limit, and correct at any time The deviation occurred to ensure the reasonable realization of the project cost.
In short, project cost management is a comprehensive science, and effective control of investment is an important part of capital construction management and an important indicator for measuring the level of construction. Through the cost control and management of the whole process of project construction, technology and economy are closely integrated, and human, material and financial resources are used scientifically and rationally to achieve maximum investment benefits.