[May Point Network] The concept of "ecotourism" was proposed by the World Conservation Union in 1983. With the passage of time and the development of society, its connotation is constantly enriched, but there are two basic points...
[May Point Network] The concept of "ecotourism" was proposed by the World Conservation Union in 1983. With the passage of time and the development of society, its connotation is constantly enriched, but there are two basic points that have not changed: the object of ecotourism is natural scenery, and the object of ecotourism should not be damaged. At present, the ecological scenic spot with the theme of â€œgoing into nature and feeling the ecologyâ€ has become a good place for people to enjoy vacations and leisure, and is increasingly favored by urbanites. However, it is regrettable that some places have misunderstandings on the issue of eco-tourism. Many tourists are not aware of their responsibility for protecting the environment when they travel, and there are some phenomena that intentionally or unintentionally destroy the ecology. According to a survey provided by the National Committee of the Chinese and Biosphere, 22% of nature reserves in China have caused damage to protected objects due to ecotourism, and 11% of tourism resources have been degraded. In this regard, when it is highly valued and takes effective measures to rectify it.
In real life, we can see that some people regard ecotourism as an outdoor leisure and entertainment activity, or as an ordinary scenic spot tourism. The six major elements of eating, living, traveling, traveling, purchasing and entertainment are more demanding. High, it is required to enjoy the enjoyment of the city during the journey. You can watch the world's top scenery without being able to breathe, sweat, mud, rain, and sun. In order to meet the demand for this kind of material enjoyment tourism, some tourism developers and tourism management departments are keen to build roads and bridges, set up cable cars, and increase vehicles in eco-tourism scenic spots, providing convenient transportation for tourists and building large-scale buildings. The construction of hotels, shops, restaurants, saunas, dance halls and other service facilities will make the eco-tourism area a "city in the ravine." This not only contributed to the extravagant wind, but also led to the commercialization, urbanization and artificialization of the scenic spots in the eco-tourism area, which caused some natural beauty and natural resources to be damaged.
In addition, some places lack careful and thorough scientific research on whether it is suitable for ecological tourism, blindly develop, and force some areas that were not qualified to be built into so-called eco-tourism areas. The result is counterproductive, not only labor and wealth, but also forests and water sources. , vegetation, species, etc. suffered severe damage. It seems that the eco-tourism hazard of â€œunworthy nameâ€ is really big.
In fact, eco-tourism is an industry with high scientific and technological content. To develop eco-tourism, we must adhere to the scientific development concept. For the operators, this must follow the principle of â€œprotection first, development obey protection, development to promote protectionâ€. Strict functional division should be implemented for the scenic spot. Any activity should be prohibited in the core area of â€‹â€‹the nature reserve. The buffer zone is only allowed to enter the research and observation activities. Only the experimental area can be allowed to engage in tourism and other activities. At the same time, it is necessary to scientifically determine and strictly control the ecology. The tourism capacity determines the number of tourists within the scope of the natural environment carrying capacity, which can not only protect the ecological environment, but also promote the healthy development of tourism. For tourists, to participate in eco-tourism, we must establish a sense of ecological protection, see birds, birds, fish and beasts do not disturb, learn to observe and observe, observe the heavens and the sacred objects, and fully understand and aestheticize through activities such as photography, sketching, and natural exploration. Naturally, don't just throw away the peels, plastic bags and other sundries, don't climb and fold trees, don't pollute the water source, and do "except for photos, don't take anything away; don't leave anything except footprints."
Love nature, protect the ecology, and be kind to the environment is the proper meaning of eco-tourism. Only in this way can ecotourism have a bright future of sustainable development and leave the original beauty of nature to our children and grandchildren. (Guangming Daily)
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